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领导与管理理论与实践应用|MBA Essay

日期:2017-4-7作者:www.51lunwen.com编辑:cinq点击次数:213
销售价格:免费论文论文编号:lw201704071659182527论文字数:2000 
论文属性:代写essay论文地区:美国论文语种:English 

随着商业世界的变化,管理和领导的理论也随之改变。例如,如果只是一个5年前,主要经营公司时,重点是管理,今天的情况有很大的不同。
今天,领导在经营公司的过程中发挥了更大的作用,管理理论经历了一个巨大的演变,引起了人际关系运动。虽然新的管理理论已经越来越普及,下面的审查表明,科学管理并没有失去它的重要性。
对于公司、管理层或领导层来说,哪一个更重要的争论已经成为一个有争议的话题。根据目前学术界和职业界所讨论的理论,意见似乎是分开的。然而,各方似乎一致认为,领导和管理是公司经营过程中的重要方面(劳勒,2006)。更多关于这个主题将在后面的章节中讨论。

As the world of business changes, so do the theories in the management and leadership. For example, if just a 5 decades ago, the major focus when running the company, was on the management, today the situation is drastically different (Lawler, 2006).

Today, the leadership has taken a greater role in the process of running a company, and the management theory has undergone a tremendous evolution, giving the rise to the human relations movement (Lawler, 2006). While the new management theories have been gaining the popularity, the review below will show that, the scientific management has not lost its importance.

The debate over which one is more important for a company, the management or the leadership, has been a controversial topic for decades. According to the theories currently discussed in the academic and professional circles, it seems that the opinions are divided. However, all sides seem to agree that both, leadership and management are important aspects in the process of running a company (Lawler, 2006). More on this topic will be discussed in the later chapters.

At this point it has to be noted that, the leadership and management, both have their unique functions, methods of development and application, and most importantly, have their advantages and disadvantages (McGovern, 2002 ). Furthermore, which one is more exercised and applied in a company is highly dependent on the culture, history, tradition, education, and the business philosophy. In order to better understand the importance and roles the leadership and management play, three countries' prospective will be discussed below: US, Germany, and China.

Theory of leadership and theory of management 领导理论与管理理论
What is leadership? While the definitions vary, it seems that there is a consensus that, regardless of the leadership theory employed, leaders provide visions, goals, and get people united behind a shared idea, values, and believes. Theories of leadership are multiple; trait theory, functional theory, transactional theory, transformational theory, path-goal theory, and many more (Van Vugt, 2011). However, whatever the theory, there are common aspects that all of them share, and that is, success of a group is a result of two factors:

Leadership style.
Situational favorability.

The leadership style depends on the multiple factors such as: ethnicity, culture, social background, education, experience, and character (Van Vugt, 2011). Regardless of these factors, it seems the leadership approaches have been segregated in to two broad groups: relationship oriented, and task oriented. I


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