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基于语料库的致股东信的形容词特征研究

日期:2017-3-10作者:www.51lunwen.com编辑:vicky点击次数:296
销售价格:300元论文编号:lw201702241251038337论文字数:40214 
论文属性:硕士毕业论文论文地区:中国论文语种:English 

CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION


1.1 Operational Definitions of Two Key Terms

In the following section, the operational definitions of two key terms are offered.These two key terms are adjective and corpus-based method.

(1)Adjective

As for the definitions of adjective, different dictionaries do offer different definitions.Definitions from some authoritative English dictionaries are demonstrated as follows.

Adjectives refer to any of a class of words used to modify a noun or other substantiveby limiting, qualifying, or specifying and distinguished in English morphologically byone of several suffixes, such as -able, -ous, -er, and -est, or syntactically by positiondirectly preceding a noun or nominal phrase, such as white in a white house.(TheAmerican Heritage Dictionary, 4th Edition, 2001)

An adjective is a word that indicates a quality of the person or thing referred to by anoun, eg. old, rotten, foreign in an old house, rotten apples, foreign names.

(OxfordAdvanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English, 6th Edition, 2004)

An adjective is a word that describes a noun or pronoun.(Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 2nd Edition, 2005)

Though definitions of adjective vary from dictionary to dictionary, they do sharesome similarities. That is, the definitions mentioned above indicate that an adjective isused to describe or modify nouns or pronouns.

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1.2 Research Rationale

The research rationale of the present study can be illustrated from two aspects, namely,necessity of studying letters to shareholders and necessity of studying the adjectives inletters to shareholders.

1.2.1 Necessity of Studying Letters to Shareholders

It is necessary to study letters to shareholders and the reasons are as follows.

Firstly, a letter to shareholders is a statement delivered by the chairperson of abusiness corporation and it usually appears in the beginning of an annual report. It is aparticularly important element in an annual report since it usually provides anin-depth review of performance of the previous year and it usually offers a vision fora prospective future. According to the study conducted by Bartlett and Chandler(1997), it is found that the letter to shareholders is the most widely read portion of anannual report and 48% of surveyed readers claim to have read the letters thoroughly.Additionally, based on Lee and Tweedie’s (1981) study, the letter to shareholders doesboast an undeniable impact on the investment decision of investors since it is one ofthe most critical documents that is used by existing and potential investors to carry out studies and thus to make investment decisions afterwards. As a consequence, it isnecessary to specifically study letters to shareholders.

Secon


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