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英文企业社会责任报告中的衔接

日期:2017-4-8作者:www.51lunwen.com编辑:vicky点击次数:49
销售价格:300元论文编号:lw201703311430404257论文字数:41655 
论文属性:硕士毕业论文论文地区:中国论文语种:English 

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION


1.1 Research Topic

The  concept  of  corporate  social  responsibility  (hereinafter  referred  to  as  CSR)  was first introduced by Oliver Sheldon in 1924.

CSR policy basically means that businesses should embrace responsibility for the impact  of their activities on their communities, environment,  consumers,  employees, and all the other members of the public.

As  early  as  in  the  1930s,  renowned  economic  professors  Adolf  Berle  and  E. Merrick Dodd had already led a spirited debate on the issue of whether corporations should undertake social responsibilities.

In terms of issues such as the company's functionality and role, and of the trustee of  the  manager,  Berle  (1931) regarded  companies  as  sheer  for-profit  economic organizations in which all the corporate powers belonged to stockholders. By contrast, Dodd  (1932)  advocated  that  companies  should  embrace  social  responsibilities  since companies  were  greatly  influenced  by  public  interests  when  allocating  private properties.  Thus,  companies  should be  considered  organizations  endowed  with  both functions of seeking profits and serving society. The debate lasted for more than two decades and ended with Dodd's standpoint prevailing over Berle’s.

Thus, CSR policy has been conventional since its introduction.

By  the  late  1990s,  the  idea  of  CSR  had  become  almost  universally  sanctioned and  promoted  by  all constituents  in  society  from  governments  and  corporations  to non-governmental  organizations  and  individual consumers.  Most  of  the  major international  organizations  such  as  the United Nations,  World  Bank, Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development and International Labor Organization have not  only  endorsed  CSR,  but  also established  guidelines  and  permanently  staffed divisions to research and promote CSR.

.........................


1.2 Definition of Corporate Social Responsibility

The issue of corporate social responsibility (CSR) has been debated since the 1950s. The  latest  analyses  by  Secchi  (2007)  and  Lee  (2008)  reported  that  the  definition  of CSR is  in a process  of change  in  meaning. &nbs


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