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中国反倾销调查中的非市场经济状况China’s Non-Market Economy Status in Anti-dumping Investigations: Will China Enjoy Market Economy Treatment After 2016?

日期:2017/7/17作者:无忧论文网编辑:anne点击次数:226
销售价格:600元论文编号:lw201707162040562581论文字数:12991 
论文属性:硕士毕业论文论文地区:英国论文语种:English 

Introduction介绍


中国一直被认为是非市场经济,因此在反倾销调查中,中国出口产品的正常价值受到其他替代国的产品价格的制约。 1998年4月,欧盟理事会通过了对非市场经济名单中不包括中国和俄罗斯的反倾销条例的重要修正案。但是,欧盟仍然认为这两个国家处于从计划经济向市场经济的过渡阶段。这标志着欧盟对中国的反倾销政策发生了重大变化。 2003年6月,中国政府提出确认中国作为欧盟市场经济地位的要求,并提交了支持性文件。欧盟于2004年6月底向中国商务部提交的评估报告中指出,当时中国只达到市场经济的一个标准,其他四个方面都失败了。因此,不可能给中国市场经济地位。
China is recognized as a non-market economy all the time, thus, in anti-dumping investigation, the normal value of exporting products of China is subject to price of like product of other surrogate countries. In April, 1998, the EU Council adopted an important amendment of Anti-dumping Regulations, excluding China and Russia from the list of non-market economy.  However, the EU still regarded these two countries as being in the transitional stage from planned economy to market economy. This marked a significant change of EU’s anti-dumping policy to China. In June 2003, the Chinese government put forward the request of confirming China’s status as market economy to the European Union and submitted supporting documentations. In an assessment report presented by European Union by the end of June 2004 to Chinese Ministry of Commerce, European Union pointed out that by then China had only reached one standard of the market economy and failed the other four aspects. Thus it was impossible to grant the market economy status to China.  

人们通常认为,根据中国加入议定书,WTO中国的非市场经济(NME)地位将在2016年12月终止。但是,WTO成员国之间的NME仍然存在很多误区,这些灵活和模糊的因素要求中国提前计划,而不是只等待时间可能产生的积极影响,以应对其他世贸组织成员提出的针对NME状况的一些可能更复杂的情况。在这样的背景下,本文将分析中国在现行反倾销调查中的NME地位,并试图找出中国在2016年后享受市场经济待遇的困难。People usually think, according to China's Accession Protocol, China's non-market economy (NME) status in the WTO will be terminated in December 2016. However, there are still many misunderstandings about NME between WTO members, such flexible and ambiguous factors require China to plan ahead instead of only waiting for a possible positive effect given by time to response to some possible more complicated situation against NME status raised by other WTO members. Under such a context, this dissertation is going to analyze China’s NME status in current anti-dumping investigations, and trying to figure out the difficulties for China to enjoy market economy treatment after 2016. 


Table of Contents目录
Introduction 3
1. China in Anti-dumping Investigation 3
2. Legal framework of NME in WTO 6
2.1 International law sources of NME 6
2.2 Key concepts of NME treatment 8
2.2.1 Dumping and anti-dumping 8
2.2.2 Other key concepts relevant to NME 9
2.2.2.1 “Injury” 9
2.2.2.2 “Like product” and “domestic industry” 10
2.2.2.3 Normal value 11
3. NME treatment of different legal systems 11
3.1 NME treatment of EU to China 12
3.1.1 Overview of the EU approach 12
3.1.2 Current NME methodology of EU 13
3.2 NME treatment of USA to China 15
3.3 NME treatment of India to Chin


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