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英国留学生dissertation:评估2007-2008年巴塞尔协议III在英国银行部门中缓解金融危机中的有效性

日期:2017/7/28作者:无忧论文网编辑:anne点击次数:156
销售价格:免费论文论文编号:lw201707281450579537论文字数:7861 
论文属性:硕士毕业论文论文地区:英国论文语种:English 

1.Introduction介绍


Research Background研究背景


在国际环境方面,到目前为止金融危机多年。与“平行银行体系”部门危机进入实体经济,迅速导致全球经济衰退持续了三年;发达国家复苏缓慢依然是依靠政府的财政和货币政策支持来维持,在欧元区主权债务危机已经开始蔓延到银行体系,增加了信贷风险和市场风险,新兴市场的增长长期受低利率政策影响,资本回报实现产出,恶化信贷环境。在国际货币基金组织(IMF)的“全球金融稳定报告”(2011年)中,据全球金融稳定风险水平有所上升,市场波动加剧,投资者信心下降,导致经济放缓,债务危机恶化恶性循环已经出现,市场和投资者对金融稳定以及相应的金融市场和金融监管改革的呼声越来越高。

In terms of international environment, years of financial crisis so far. Begins with the "parallel banking system" sector crisis conduction to the real economy, quickly led to the global recession lasted for three years; Slow recovery in the developed countries still rely on the government's fiscal and monetary policy support to sustain, in the euro zone, sovereign debt crisis has begun to spread to the banking system, increases the credit risk and market risk, the growth of emerging markets in the long run under the influence of the low interest rate policy, return of capital to achieve output, worsen the credit environment. In the international monetary fund (IMF) in the Global Financial Stability Report (2011), according to Global Financial Stability risks level has increased, increased market volatility, investors' confidence is reduced, thus lead to the economic slowdown and debt crises aggravate the vicious circle of prototype has already appeared, markets and investors for Financial Stability as well as the corresponding Financial markets and Financial regulatory reform calls for more and more high.
The international banking regulatory framework in the crisis is undergoing profound changes. Micro institutional level reform aims to improve robustness of Banks, strengthen the micro foundation of banking stability; The medium market level reform aims to strengthen the banking market infrastructure construction, fixed defects lead to market failure mechanism; Macroscopic system level reform aims to systemic risk in the banking regulatory framework, macro-prudential regulation system is established. Reform of all countries have issued, strengthen supervision has become the common choice of regulatory authorities. The United States issued "The Dodd - Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act", set up Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC), dealing with systemic risk; The British Treasury announced the party after the replacement of new scheme draft Financial Regulatory reform, cancel the Financial Services Authority (FSA), in the Prudential Regulatory Authority (PRA) is responsible for deposit institutions, investment Banks and insurance companies and other Financial institutions for prudent supervision; The European parliament by the European financial reform bill, decided to establish a new pan-european financial regulatory system, including a newly established to oversee the banking, insurance and financial trading activities of the three major regulators, as well as all kinds of risk in the European economy is responsible for monito


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