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有组织的零售业在印度农村市场研究 Study of Organized Retail in Rural Indian Markets

日期:2017/9/13作者:www.51lunwen.com编辑:cinq点击次数:5
销售价格:免费论文论文编号:lw201709131307097048论文字数:2000 
论文属性:硕士课程论文论文地区:英国论文语种:English 

零售业占印度国内生产总值的10%左右,印度零售市场估计在2015左右,约为6000亿美元,2020年底达到1兆3000亿美元。它也是世界上增长最快的国家之一,已经由12亿人组成。为了了解有组织的零售业在印度农村市场的地位,人们必须首先了解什么是有组织的零售业本身。
印度拥有1500万多家拥有店主的流行音乐商店,通常被称为“店主之国”。这被称为无组织的零售业,它指的是低成本零售小店等当地传统格式,业主载人的百货商场、磐安/比迪烟店、便利店、手推车小贩,等。另一方面,零售组织是指交易活动的特许零售商谁注册的销售税,承担所得税,这些包括公开上市的超市,大卖场和连锁零售企业的支持,也是民营大型零售企业。

Retailing accounts for around 10% of the Indian GDP and the Indian retail market is estimated to be worth around US $600 billion in 2015 and to reach US$1.3 trillion by 2020. It is also one of the fastest in the world in terms of growth and already consists of 1.2 billion people. In order to understand the standing of organized retailing in the rural Indian markets, one must first understand what is meant by organized retailing itself.

1.1 Organized Retailing   
With more than 15 million owner manned mom-and-pop stores, India is often called a nation of shopkeepers. This is referred to as unorganized retailing and it refers to the traditional formats of low-cost retailing such as the local corner shops, owner manned general stores, paan/beedi shops, convenience stores, hand carts and pavement vendors, etc. On the other hand, organized retailing refers to trading activities undertaken by licensed retailers who are registered for sales tax, income tax, etc. These include the publicly traded supermarkets, corporate-backed hypermarkets and retail chains, and also the privately owned large retail businesses.

The face of retailing in India was changed by the emergence of organized retail formats along with a shift in the Indian consumer's attitude. The above figure shows the evolution of the Indian retail market. However, organized retailing in the Indian markets has mostly been in the urban regions and the overall Organized Retail Penetration (ORP) is low at 8% (in 2015) showing that a lot of potential still exists.

1.2 Organized Retailing in Rural Indian Markets
The unorganized retailers hold advantages such as being personal, strong relationships, serving as points of news, offering credit and helping the people in difficult times. Further, they understand the local requirements and offer low prices as they have low overheads. By 2012, urban Indian markets was where 85% of the organized retailing took place in India. However, with a lot of foreign players entering, limited and expensive desirable real estate and foreign investment restrictions have pushed the India's retail market closer to maturity.

The rural Indian market on the other hand, consists of 833,087,662 people (68.84% of total) living in around 6,40,867 villages. Development of the rural market began after the Green Revolution when the demand for farm inputs like hybrids seeds and fertilisers began rising. Yet only a small part of the vast rural market remains covered by organized retailers such as DCM Shriram's Hariyali, HUL's Project Shakti and ITC's e-Choupal. The following figure sh


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