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香港大学政治学专业本科英语课程论文

日期:2013-8-22作者:www.51lunwen.com编辑:cinq点击次数:17
销售价格:免费论文论文编号:lw201308211900315297论文字数:850 
论文属性:作业/作文论文地区:香港论文语种:中文 

抗日战争开始1937年卢沟桥事变后,到1945年日本投降。这是在第二十世纪,亚洲规模最大的战争,这是由于一个十年之久的日本帝国主义政策为主导中国政治和军事。1937年卢沟桥事件标志着两国之间的全面战争的开始。

 1. The Sino-Japanese War - overview of events and the GMD国民党 wartime leadership 


  The Sino-Japanese War started with the Marco Polo Bridge Incident of 1937 and ended with the surrender of Japan in 1945. It was the largest Asian war in the 20th century, which was due to a decade-long Japanese imperialist policy aiming to dominate China politically and militarily. Before 1937, China and Japan fought in small, localized size. In 1937, the Marco Polo Bridge Incident marked the beginning of total war between the two countries. 

      在1938年的取得许多胜利后开始,日本实地将军升级的战争,直到终于在台儿庄战役中击败。日军攻占武汉1938年10月27日,迫使国民党撤退到重庆,但,蒋介石拒绝谈判。从1939年开始,战争进入了一个新阶段,在长沙和广西前所未有的日本战败。这些成果鼓励中国对日本在1940年初推出自己的第一次大规模的反攻。然而,由于经验有限,在现代战争中,中国军队在这一防御击败。 1940年以后,日本检领土管理和进驻遇到了巨大的困难,并试图解决其占领的问题,通过实施一项战略,有利于日本的利益在征服的领土建立友好的傀儡政府。在1945年,中国共产党发起整体反击,日本终于投降8月15,1945。在战争期间,国民党领导的正面战场与严重破坏日军力。他们与中国共产党合作,摧毁了日本在三个月内征服中国的计划。他们带领许多著名战役,如淞沪,徐州,武汉战役。虽然它是有争议的,因为国民党的领导,发挥他们的积极作用不能否认。

  At the start of 1938, with many victories achieved, Japanese field generals escalated the war until was finally defeated at the Battle of Taierzhuang. The Japanese captured Wuhan on October 27, 1938, forcing the GMD to retreat to Chongqing, but Chiang Kai-shek refused to negotiate. From the beginning of 1939, the war entered a new phase with the unprecedented defeat of the Japanese at Changsha and Guangxi. These outcomes encouraged the Chinese to launch their first large-scale counter-offensive against the Japanese in early 1940. However, due to limited experience in modern warfare, the Chinese army was defeated in this defense. After 1940, the Japanese encountered tremendous difficulties in administering and garrisoning the seized territories, and tried to solve its occupation problems by implementing a strategy of creating friendly puppet governments favorable to Japanese interests in the territories conquered. In 1945, the Communist Party of China launched overall counter-attack and Japan finally surrendered on August 15,1945. During the war, GMD led the positive battlefield and damaged the force of Japanese army seriously. They cooperated with the Communist Party of China, destroying Japan’s plan of conquering China within three months. They led many famous battles, such as the Battle of Songhu, Xuzhou and Wuhan. Although it is controversial as for the leadership of GMD, the positive role they had played cannot be denied.
Development of Mao as a Theorist in Yan'an (Explain Mao's notion of the Mass Line, and his views on Art and Literature as tools of governance) - Documents on google "mao and mass line." During the stay of the Communist Party in Yan’an from 1935 to 1948, the thought of Mao became mature with the publication of many works, such as The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party and O


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