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英国硕士新媒体的隐私问题及对策分析

日期:2016-6-3作者:无忧论文网编辑:anne点击次数:296
销售价格:600元论文编号:lw201606021101384494论文字数:12604 
论文属性:硕士毕业论文论文地区:英国论文语种:English 

1. Introduction介绍


随着数字、网络、移动和信息技术的发展,人们对信息的获取和传播变得越来越容易。基于这些技术,一种新的媒体形式是以互动广播为特点。我们把它称为“新媒体”(张惠子2010:7)。
例如,脸书,推特和LinkedIn已经成为数以百万计的人深受使用,包括他们的家庭,朋友,同事。在7月,脸书拥有7亿5000万的用户在世界各地。推特拥有2亿5000万用户,在LinkedIn拥有115用户(谷歌,2011)。
虽然新媒体工具有不同的风格、功能、布局和目标,他们大多让人创建个人信息;更新状态或博客和上传视频,照片,音频剪辑。此外,用户还可以编辑他们可以连接到的好友列表,分享意见,并发送个人信息。同时,用户还可以用同一兴趣旅游经历和事件,邀请他人和参与此活动的人(人&丹尼斯,2011)。
此外,在新媒体的活动可能是相当与揭示了活动信息。许多用户可能会分享非常亲密人和透露信息,并有详细的资料,和关于他们的个人资料。这种信息可能包括教育,婚姻状况,个人识别,地址等,实际上,这种信息共享的个人用户和来自他/她的朋友的评论,表明洞察用户的道德,价值观,自我形象,和偏见。
With the development of digital, network,mobile and information technology, it becomes easier for people to acquire and broadcast information. Based on these technologies, a new kind of media comes out with the feature of interactive broadcasting. We call it ‘newmedia’ (Zhang Huizi 2010:7). 
For example, Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn have become very popular among millions of people who use them tointeract with their family, friends, and colleagues. For July2011, Facebook owns 750 million users in all over the world.Twitter owns 250 million users while LinkedIn owns 115 millionusers (Google, 2011).
Although new media tools differ in styles, functionality, layout and target, most of them allow people to create personal information; update statusor blog and post videos, photographs, andaudio clips. Furthermore,users can also edit lists of friends who they can connect to,share comments inthe profiles, and send personal messages. Meantime, users can also establishteams of people with sameinterests and post events and invite others to theseactivities(Man & Denis, 2011).
Furthermore, activities in new media may be quite revealing. Many users may share very intimate and revealing and detailed information about their personal profiles. This kind of information may involve education, marital status, personal identifiers, address, etc. Actually, this kind of information shared by the individual user and the comments coming from his/her friends, indicate insight into the user’s morals, values, self-image, and biases. Even many people can be very explicit in telling where they work, how much they like the current job and company, their education background even back to the primary school, their political opinions as well as the interests and hobbies for the time being(Man & Denis, 2011). 
On the other hand, new media tools mean usersare able to not only knoweverything regardingtheir friends, but also who their friendsknow. It is very common for a userin a new media site to ownmore than 300 friends in all over the world. There istruly a wealth of information in the new media.
In fact, the explosion of new media tools has not onlytransformed the way people communicate with each other, but also introduceda new way that organizations can search orinvestigate the mass people. In fact, more and more universities and agencies for lawenforcemen


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