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迷离诱惑:英语文学中的“女巫”形象

日期:2015-2-1作者:www.51lunwen.com编辑:chenhu点击次数:241
销售价格:300元论文编号:lw201501302006597496论文字数:44809 
论文属性:硕士毕业论文论文地区:中国论文语种:English 

1 Introduction

Reading witches is,to some extent, reading the history of women. Though anthropologistsand historians have been studying this magic female group for long, as a mysterious literaryimage,the creation of this figure has been hidden from our view and fascinated both childrenand adults for centuries. Belief in witchcraft can find its clue back to early Europe. In Europe,fear of magic was often "projected" onto women, and “witch,,was a label consciously orsubconsciously applied as a method of scapegoating (Russell and Magliocco 9773). The veryearly and traditional view of witches is that they are associated with Satan, antagonistic toChristianity.The widely known witch image in western literature can be categorized into two groups:the one in fairy tales for children,and the other in fictions or plays. In the classic children'sliterature, the witchy lady is always thin,old with wrinkles on her face,looks frightening withevil eyes, wears black cloak, rides on the broom and always curses or poisons the kind people.A black cat is often her best companion; a mirror,a diamond ball and a stick are hertraditional instrument. When it comes to fictions and plays, the image of witch is more closeto our real life. The women who play witchcraft to predict the future or make a change in lifeare regarded as witches. According to the historical documentary, they suffered the massiveslaughter known as "witch-hunt" or the cruel trials,which provide certain primary source forthe literary representation of this female image.There always exist controversies around the witches and witchcraft, the ancient onesconcerning the real existence of witches and the more recent ones regarding the gender issue.This extraordinary woman is recorded and written with magic power and supernaturalconnection. However, with people's exploration and recognition of nature, the progress ofscience, the development of religion, and the change of women's social position, the image ofwitch in English and American literature has evolved as time passes by. As Sharon Russell has remarked,"The witch as a figure holds an interesting positionrelative to other monster figures in popular culture" (65). As an icon in fantasy literature, theimage of witch has evolved in literary works and now has been an important female figure inpopular culture. Several series of witch stories were published and gained a wide readership,including J. K. Rowling's Harry Porter series, Anne Rice's The Mayfair Witches,TerryPratchet's Discworld witches, Debora Geary's A Modern Witch series. Besides the serial witchstories,this female figure is also recurrently written in the fictions about supernaturalcreatures or magic power. In the recent overwhelmingly popular fiction Vampire Diarieswritten by American writer L. J. Smith,a black girl called Bonnie is a very powerfiil witchfrom the Bennett witch family. She is essential to both her human friends and vampireclassmates. The trilogy The Lord of


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